The course focuses on the micro & the macro-level of English Phonetics. It also explains the articulatory system that leads to the production of vowel and consonant sounds in the major dialects in the sound system of English. The course also will introduce students acoustic phonetics and to general principles of phonological rules and representations. The course should prepare students to be able to describe and transcribe the sounds of spoken language (with special emphasis on English). The course will also prepare students to be able to recognize and describe the phonemic and phonetic patterns necessary to understand basic phonological processes and problems
in generative phonology.



Chapters indicated in the syllabus should be read before the lecture. Regular attendance in class is expected. The reading from the text will be covered in lecture and class discussion


Course Objectives

This is an introductory phonetics and phonology course focusing on basic analysis of linguistic data.

By the end of this class you should be able to do the following:
1- Transcribe the sounds of English and other languages in phonetic notation.
2- Develop “ear” to discriminate key phonetic differences.
3- Understand simple phonetic principles for articulation and speech perception.
4- Describe the phonological features and methods of articulation for phoneme or phone.
5- Use phonological analysis to determine the underlying sound inventory of a language.
6- Describe basic phonological processes in formal notation and in prose.
7- Provide basic linguistic descriptions and analysis for a language’s sound system, phonological ,alternations,     syllable structures, and stress system.
8- Begin to identify sounds and phenomena which are marked in world languages


This Course aims to: 

  1. Familiarize students with the phonetic and phonological systems within the larger system of the    English language

  2.  Provide a basis for evaluating the descriptive adequacy of claims made by linguistic theories.

  3.  Impart a competence in the transcription of English sounds, stress, and intonation.


  •  Sound

  • spelling and symbol

  • The phoneme: the same but different

  • Describing English consonants,

  • Defining distribution: consonants

  • Allophones,

  •  Criteria for Contrast: the phoneme system

  •  Describing vowels

  • Vowel phonemes

  • Variations between accents

  • Syllables

  • The word and above


English Proficiency: This course is open for NATIVE and NON-NATIVE speakers of English. However, a high standard of both written and spoken English is a must for non-native speakers.
Academic Degree: We do not require a college degree as a prerequisite for course admission a High School Diploma will do.
Age group: Although there is no upper age limit for admission, applicants should not be less than 18.
Knowledge: Some idea of the basic concepts of English phonemes is recommended as a per-requisite.


Some Practical Uses of Phonology

  1. Understand mechanics behind foreign language sounds so that you can hear/pronounce them better

  2.  Teach others mechanics behind English/non-English sounds so they can hear/pronounce them better

  3. Understand reasons for non-standard pronunciations and be better able to appreciate their unique cultural quirkiness

  4. Used to reconstruct historical sound change and decipher new scripts

  5. Critical for fieldwork of under-documented or undocumented languages

  6. Assist speakers of unwritten languages to develop usable writing system for their language

  7. Can be used determine position of word breaks and syntactic constituency

  8. Use the IPA to write out pronunciations of unusual words.
    IPA used in many foreign language dictionaries.


And don’t forget possibilities for

  • Becoming a dialect coach

  • Creating artificial languages

  • Writing out pronunciations for names not in your language

Learning Format

The program is delivered in two formats: Classroom-based & Distance learning!

 Level 1
Phonetics: Description and Transcription

1-Transcribe the sounds of English and other languages in phonetic notation Some Practical.
2-Develop “ear” to discriminate key phonetic difference.
3-Understand simple phonetic principles for articulation and speech perception.


Level 2
Phonology: Aspects of Connected Speech

1-Describe the phonological features and methods of articulation for phoneme or phone.
2-Use phonological analysis to determine the underlying  sound inventory of a language.
3-Provide basic linguistic descriptions and analysis for a language’s sound system,phonological alternations,
syllable structures, and stress system.
4-Begin to identify sounds and phenomena which are marked in world languages.


Level 3
Conversation & Pragmatics:Real Dialog & Conversation

1-Understand the importance of Pragmatics in Speaking.
2-Use performative verbs in conversation.
3- Analyze different types of oral discourse.
4- Understand the different maxims.
5- Use direct and indirect speech acts.
6- Analyze different body language signs while talking

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